The Samos island lies in the heart of Central Aegean, 1200 meters from the shore of Asia Minor. Its area is 477,395 km2 and geographically located between the parallels 37.49 and 37.37 to the North and themeridians 26.33 and 27.04 to the East.
To the East of Samos is Turkey and Asia Minor, from which Samos is separated by the “Eptastadio” channel, (called Dar Bogaz in Turkish) whish is only 1650 meters wide at its narrowest point. To the North is the chersonese of Erythrea (Turkey), Northwest is Chios Island, west and southwest is Ikaria and the Fournoi islands and to the South are the islands of the Dodecanese.
It is shaped like a peninsula, and according to the geologists who have studied its rock formation, among the other things, their conclusion is that the various geological upheavals which occurred in the course of the centuries cut off this piece of what had been the Asia Minor coast.