National language: Greek
Name in national language: Σάμoς
Geographical position: 37° 44' N 26° 50' O
Altitude: 0-1433 m
Population: 42.000 (Census 2005)
UTC difference: +2h (summer time +3h) ETC difference: +1h
Surface: 468 km²
Population density: 90Inhabitants/km²
The area of the island is 478 km2 (184.6 sq mi), 43 km (27 mi) long and 13 km (8 mi) wide. It is separated from Anatolia, by the approximately 1 mile (1.6 km)-wide Mycale Strait. While largely mountainous, Samos has several relatively large and fertile plains.
A great portion of the island is covered with vineyards, from which wine is made, including that from the Vathi grapes. The most important plains are that of Pythagorio, in the southeast, Karlovasi in the northwest, and Marathokampos in the southwest. The island's population is 33,814, which is the 9th
most populous of the Greek islands. The Samian climate is typically Mediterranean, with mild rainy winters, and warm rainless summers.
The largest mountain is the Ampelos massif, which occupies the center of the island and rises to 1,095 metres (3,590 ft). The island's highest point is the summit of the Kerkis range, at 1,434 metres (4,700 ft). The mountains are a continuation of the Mycale range on the Anatolian mainland.
According to Strabo, the name Samos is from Phoenician meaning "rise by the shore."
Banks are normally open from 08:00 to 14:00 Monday to Friday and closed Saturday and Sunday.
Post offices operate from 07:30 to 14:30 daily from Monday to Friday and closed Saturday and Sunday.
Greece international calling code:+30
Emergency numbers: Fire: 119
First aid: 166 Police station: 22730 22100