The Archaeological Museum of Vathi in Samos Greece, Eastern Aegean
The Archaeological Museum of Vathi, Samos' capital, is housed in two separate buildings. One of them is the "Paschaleios Archaiofilakio" an old building that is a storehouse of ancient objects, comnstructed in 1912. The other one is a modern building of 1987, built with the investment of the car company Volkswagen. It treasures a grand collection of Archaic sculptures. The museum houses items found in excavations all over Samos island. A statue 5,50 m high kouros (male) is the most impressive exhibit. Moreover there statues and friezes which display scenes from daily life or mythology, pieces of pottery, tools of daily use, small statues and weaponry.
Archaeological Collection of Pythagorio
Housed in the town hall of the village of Pythagorio, this collection contains sculptures, inscriptions, statues and fragments of graves originating from the Archaic and Roman period. The collection gets slowly enriched by the continuous excavations that are made in the region.
The Fossil Museum of Samos
This museum situated in the village of Mytilini, was founded by Ionannis Melentism (professor of paleontology at the University of Thessaloniki). It is assumed to be the only paleontological museum existing in Greece. It exhibits fossils and the remains of prehistoric animals just like the “Small Horse of Samos” which has got three toes and is 13 millions years old.
Samos Natural History Museum
Situated in the town of Mylinoi, the Natural History Museum of the Aegean is 12 km far from Samos Town. At the investment of Constantine Zimalis and his wife, Maria, the museum was built. There is also a foundation created that bears their names. The building resembles more a house or a church with added extensions than like a typical museum building. Therefore it has a nice appearance. In front of it there is a grand garden with a statue of Aristarchus, the famous ancient Samian mathematician, in the center. Aristarchus was the first Samian philosopher that studied physical phenomenon at the macro level. He attested the fact that the Earth circuits the Sun. The museum is divided into five sections: Paleontology, Mineralogy, Geology, Botanology and Zoology.
N. Dimitriou Folklore Museum
Established with the help of the ‘Nikolaos Dimitriou Literary Foundation’, the museum has been running in Pythagorio since May 1997. The influence of traditional Samian architecture - based on Nikolaos Dimitrious’ work – is obvious to see in the architectural style of the museum.
The exhibits display everyday life in Samos principally before the Second World War. Many of the items in the museum are still in use in daily life in villages of Samos. Most important items exhibited in the museum:
• A collection of agricultural tools (ploughs, spades, sickles, sieves and reaphooks) used by farmers before the replacement by modern equipment
• Tools like troughs, boards, rolling pins, hand mills, clay bowls used for the art of making bread
• Instruments used for the function of culling honey and producing wax
• A collection of needlework (clothes, curtains, bedspreads, blankets and covers) of local Samian women
• Tools like serpents tools, rods, dixies and andirons were and still are used to make cheese
• A reproduction of a typical Samian house from the 1930’s completely arranged with authentic furniture from this era
• The yard of the museum is dedicated to create reproductions of local professions like a barber shop, a blacksmith’s workshop, a carpenter’s workshop, all completely set up with tools used at that time.
The Museum is a must-see for history interested and for those who would like to relive the ordinary life in Samos in former times.
The museum offers several educational programs to newer generations to spread knowledge of history and traditions of local people. It is a wonderful devotement how the museum keeps ancient Samos alive.
The Museum is situated near Hotel Doryssa Bay and is opened from 10.00 in the morning to 13.00 in the afternoon in the summer.